Among the very first proponents of federalism in the Philippines is University of the Philippines professor Jose Abueva who asserted that a national form of government is critical to more efficiently cater to the requirements of the nation despite its diversity. The main targets of a constitutional amendment will be to raise decentralization, greater local power and accessibility to resources most especially among areas outside Metro Manila that has long been dubbed as fairly imperial. Aside from Abueva, senator Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. is a dominant supporter of federalism who, since 2001, has recommended for federalism. He sees the planned system as a vital part in easing the Mindanao disaster and appeasing Moro insurgents. Federalism will even hasten economic development since resource and fiscal mobilization is upon each states’ or provinces’ discretion without considerable constraint from the central government.
Because of the Senate and Congress resolutions supporting charter change, an estimated 13,000 to 15,000 individuals assembled in Makati in 2009 to protest against management suggestions for constitutional reform. This really is in line with guesses that Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo would use such change to expand her hold in office. Additionally, Pulse Asia released in precisely the same year their survey seeing public support towards the proposed charter change. Their report said that four out of ten Filipino adults or 42% of all respondents opposed the change. Meanwhile, 25% were still open and 33% were in favor. Pulse Asia furthered that from 2006 to 2009, there clearly was no important reversal of opinion against charter change, but indecision grown by 6%.
Commencing in late 2014, Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte established a national effort encouraging a charter change for federalism. During his trip to Cebu City in October of precisely the same year, Duterte said that federalism will facilitate better delivery of services to the folks. He also saw the present system as “antiquated” where distribution of public funds is disproportionately biased towards Manila. Apart from the economical aspect, federalism is, in addition, viewed as the very best way to address issues in Mindanao which suffers the most from ethnoreligious clashes. He added the present unitary form of government hasn’t functioned well given the ethnic diversity in the state. In spite of rejecting several calls for candidacy for the 2016 presidential elections, he also mentioned his reforms if he were to be president. Parallel to his effort for federalism, Duterte intends to privatize tax collection and abolish the Congress to make way for a unicameral legislature, whereby the latter is contrary to the initially planned Joint Resolution No. 10.
Movements for federalism were additionally intensified since the draft of the Bangsamoro Basic Law was submitted by Philippine president Benigno Aquino III to the Congress in September 10, 2014. If approved, this law creates the Bangsamoro as an autonomous region with its own parliamentary authorities and police force. Acceptance of the Bangsamoro construction supplies federalism proponents and supporters added assurance to clamor for the national government to enact reforms towards a more decentralized system for the remainder of the nation.
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